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[翻译]实用野外生存工具

So simple, even a caveman could do it.
-Blatant theivery from Geico
简单到洞穴人都可以使用

Actually, you don't have to be a caveman to survive in the woods. Sure, it'll impress the other island survivors if you can whip up a fire from two sticks but they'll also probably see you as a threat and vote you off once supper has been cooked.
事实上在野外你不必像洞穴人一样生存。在生存游戏秀中如果你用两根棒子摩擦起火,其他的人会把你看作玩花哨把戏的家伙并且投票让你滚蛋。

I need to work on my run-on sentences.
我需要用我自己的方式生存。

Anyway, it seems there's always some lost hunter, hiker or boyscout in the news. Many are ill-prepared in skills or gear to handle the situation. Spending as much time in the woods as I do, I've assembled a kit that goes with me every time I'm off the pavement. With it I can start a fire, build a shelter, purify water, signal for help, and even do some minor repairs.
然而,迷路的猎人、徒步者和童子军的故事屡见不鲜。他们中的大多数都因为技巧和装备上的问题而无法应对这种情况。我长期在野外度过因此当我离开城市的时候都携带了一套工具。依靠这套工具我能够生火、建立庇护所、净水、施放求救信号和一些简单的维修工作。

My survival gear is made up of three objects: A neck knife with compass and spark rod, an orange bandana, and the main kit. Obivously the bright orange bandana can be used to signal but bandanas also have many other uses. This bandana usually goes in my back pants pocket.
我的生存装备由三部分组成:一把和指南针以及打火棒系在一起的颈刀、一张橘红的大手帕和主要工具包。明亮的橘红色手帕可以用来施放信号,但它的功用不仅仅只是这些。我经常把它放在我的屁股口袋里。

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The knife started out as cheap, tanto-style blade in a zytel sheath with a whistle. I wrapped the handle with bright yellow nylon string. Cordage is a pain in the arse to make in the woods so I always make sure I have plenty with me. Along this line I replaced the bead chain necklace with more nylon cord with a break-away connection. The break-away is very important, I don't want to end up hung by my lifesaver! Next, I carved a small groove in the edge of the sheath and epoxied a flint striker in it. A scrape of a knife along this striker showers tinder in super-hot sparks, usually resulting in instant ignition. The final modification was the addition of a small compass to the necklace cord. I may epoxy the compass to the sheath, but for now it's just tied on.
这把刀比较便宜, tanto刀头,子托刀鞘(带口哨??图上看不出来)。我在手柄上缠上亮黄色尼龙绳。在野外制造绳子是相当痛苦的,因此我总准备充足。同样的我把串珠式的颈链也换成了打水手结的尼龙绳。水手结很重要,我可不想和我的求生工具分开。我在刀鞘的边缘刻了一个小槽,用环氧胶粘了个打火石在里面。每次刮擦这条打火石都会产生大量高温火花而用以取火。最后的改装是将一个小指南针拴在颈链上,我也可以把它粘在鞘上,但目前我仅仅把它拴在绳子上。

The main kit contains everything else. It all resides in a large BDU wallet which goes in a front cargo pocket of my pants.. This wallet has several interior pockets and straps to hold my fire-making, shelter, signaling, water purification and repair gear.
主要工具包里装着所有物品,他们全部被装在一个大号bdu工具袋里,放进我裤子的前袋。这个工具袋内部有很多分隔小口袋和织带,正好用来放置我的生火、庇护、标示、净水以及修理工具。

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1. Spark Lite Fire Starter
1  Spark Lite火石
2. Mini Bic Lighter
2  Mini Bic打火机
3.Katadyn Micropur MP1 Water Purification Tablets
3 Katadyn MP1净水药片
4. 25' Mil-Spec Paracord
4  64厘米军规伞绳
5. Plastic Mesh Bag + 1 Qt. Ziploc Bag
5  塑料网袋+1 夸脱拉链防水袋
6. NATO Survival Whistle
6  北约制式求生哨

Unpacking some... 

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1. Spark Lite Fire Starter
2. Mini Bic Lighter
3. 25' Mil-Spec Paracord
4. Flattend Duct Tape
4  平展的duck tape
5. NATO Survival Whistle
6. Plastic Mesh Bag + 1 Qt. Ziploc Bag
7.Katadyn Micropur MP1 Water Purification Tablets
8. Gerber Microlight LST Knife

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The water in most areas I go can easily be made safe for drinking just by killing any bacteria/viri present in it. This can be done by boiling or with chemicals. If by chance I lose my water bottle I still have a 1 quart Ziploc bag (2.) to hold water. The Ziploc bag is strengthened with the plastic mesh bag (1.). To then purify the water I just drop in a Katadyn Micropur MP1 Water Purification Tablet (3.)
One should always try and find out what treatments are necessary to purify water in the area you be in. For instance, the water along the 4-C trail in central Texas can't be made safe by boiling or chemical means. Heavy metals in it require an activated carbon filter to make it safe. Meanwhile, the waters of Spring Creek have only bacteria dangers which can be handled by boiling, chemical treatment, or a water filter.
饮用水的安全十分重要,我通过杀死其中所有病菌及病毒的方式制造洁净的水。煮沸或者化学杀菌都可以达到目的。我丢掉了我的水壶,但是仍然带着1品脱拉链防水袋用来装水。平时用网袋包裹起来以保护它。我只需要放入一片Katadyn的mp1净水片就可以获得饮用水。
你必须知道你所在的区域什么样的净水手段是必不可少的。比如在4-c道路德克萨斯中部的那段你无法通过煮沸或者化学净水的方式取得饮用水,因为水中的重金属成分必须通过活性炭过滤才可饮用。同时在Spring Creek的水中仅含有大肠杆菌,因此煮沸、化学净水和过滤都可以解决问题。

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